As Lida Williams said, virtually one hundred years ago:
Phonics isn’t a method of teaching reading, however it is actually a necessary part of each good, contemporary technique. It is the key to word mastery, and word mastery is among the initial essentials in learning to read. A knowledge in the sounds of letters, and from the impact in the position in the letter upon its sound, is an essential implies of mastering the mechanics of reading, and of enabling youngsters to grow to be independent readers.
100 years later, this nevertheless holds accurate. Regrettably, because the later half of the 20th century, there has been an excellent debate on what approach of teaching is very best to teach youngsters how to read: whether phonics or the entire language method is better. The entire language method became the preferred technique from the education program – regrettably. The whole language understanding to read method is much more of a “word memorization” plan, where Raise A Smarter Kid young child is supposed to memorize the “shape” from the word, and say it.
Since then, a large number of research, have proven phonics and phonemic awareness to become superior in teaching youngsters to read and write, and even though several nonetheless like to debate this for what ever reasons, I think this debate was settled when the National Reading Panel stated that teaching phonics and phonemic awareness produces far better reading outcomes than entire language applications after their analysis which reviewed and identified 1,962 research on this topic.
It’s important to distinguish the distinction among phonological awareness and phonemic awareness. Phonological awareness is quite broad, and consists of phonemic awareness as a sub category. Phonemic awareness is quite narrow, and it’s only focused on the phonemes, that are the person sounds of letters. You will find no shortage of studies which have repeatedly identified, and concluded that teaching phonemic awareness to young children produces exceptional reading and spelling abilities. You can read much more about research on phonemic awareness right here.
The whole language approach just expects a child to “read” when presented reading material, and by memorizing sight words. The phonics technique is a bottom up strategy exactly where you teach youngsters to read within a logical and sequential order. You very first teach kids the alphabet letters as well as the sounds they represent; then you definitely teach youngsters to combine (or blend) numerous letter sounds collectively to type words; which can be then followed by reading sentences and easy stories. This can be a logical progression for kids learning to read, where they create accuracy in decoding words and pronouncing words. This approach of teaching also helps the child to spell correctly.
There is no doubt that phonics and phonemic awareness instruction will be the superior approach to teach youngsters how to read. We have successfully utilized phonemic awareness instructions to teach our children at age 2 to read words, sentences, paragraphs, and easy story books.